feedback

(Solution document) The three factors of total energy expenditure include (choose all that apply):


The three factors of total energy expenditure include (choose all that apply):

Adaptive thermogenesis

Basal metabolic rate

Indirect calorimetry

Physical activity

Thermic effect of food

 

Certain factors affect the basal metabolic rate (BMR) differently. For each of the factors listed below, indicate whether it increases or decreases BMR.

Being Taller 

           [ Choose ]             Increases             Decreases         

Being Older 

           [ Choose ]             Increases             Decreases         

Being female 

           [ Choose ]             Increases             Decreases         

Being Pregnant 

           [ Choose ]             Increases             Decreases         

 


Jane is 5'8" and weighs 175 pounds. Based on the chart in the textbook, Jane's BMI indicates that she is:

Underweight

Healthy weight

Overweight

Obese

 


Which of the following is a measurement that represents the ratio of your body weight to your height and is used to estimate disease risk?

Body composition

Body mass index

Fat distribution pattern

Waist-to-hip ratio

 


Match the term to the appropriate deion.

Underwater weighing 

           [ Choose ]             A procedure where the stomach size is reduced by partitioning it into a small upper pouch and a larger lower pouch             Often considered one of the most accurate methods of determining body composition but needs to be down in a laboratory.             Accuracy of measurements depends on a trained technician using specially designed calipers             Involves surgical attachment of the lower part of the small intestines to the stomach             Body composition analysis based upon air displacement technology             Determines body composition based upon conduction of electricity.         

Skinfold measurements 

           [ Choose ]             A procedure where the stomach size is reduced by partitioning it into a small upper pouch and a larger lower pouch             Often considered one of the most accurate methods of determining body composition but needs to be down in a laboratory.             Accuracy of measurements depends on a trained technician using specially designed calipers             Involves surgical attachment of the lower part of the small intestines to the stomach             Body composition analysis based upon air displacement technology             Determines body composition based upon conduction of electricity.         

Bioelectrical impedance analysis

           [ Choose ]             A procedure where the stomach size is reduced by partitioning it into a small upper pouch and a larger lower pouch             Often considered one of the most accurate methods of determining body composition but needs to be down in a laboratory.             Accuracy of measurements depends on a trained technician using specially designed calipers             Involves surgical attachment of the lower part of the small intestines to the stomach             Body composition analysis based upon air displacement technology             Determines body composition based upon conduction of electricity.         

Bod Pod 

           [ Choose ]             A procedure where the stomach size is reduced by partitioning it into a small upper pouch and a larger lower pouch             Often considered one of the most accurate methods of determining body composition but needs to be down in a laboratory.             Accuracy of measurements depends on a trained technician using specially designed calipers             Involves surgical attachment of the lower part of the small intestines to the stomach             Body composition analysis based upon air displacement technology             Determines body composition based upon conduction of electricity.         

Gastric bypass 

           [ Choose ]             A procedure where the stomach size is reduced by partitioning it into a small upper pouch and a larger lower pouch             Often considered one of the most accurate methods of determining body composition but needs to be down in a laboratory.             Accuracy of measurements depends on a trained technician using specially designed calipers             Involves surgical attachment of the lower part of the small intestines to the stomach             Body composition analysis based upon air displacement technology             Determines body composition based upon conduction of electricity.         

Gastric banding 

           [ Choose ]             A procedure where the stomach size is reduced by partitioning it into a small upper pouch and a larger lower pouch             Often considered one of the most accurate methods of determining body composition but needs to be down in a laboratory.             Accuracy of measurements depends on a trained technician using specially designed calipers             Involves surgical attachment of the lower part of the small intestines to the stomach             Body composition analysis based upon air displacement technology             Determines body composition based upon conduction of electricity.         

 

Determine which type of fat pattern increases chronic disease risk and which type is associated with a lower disease risk.

Android/apple-shaped 

           [ Choose ]             Lower disease risk             Higher disease risk         

Gynoid/pear-shaped 

           [ Choose ]             Lower disease risk             Higher disease risk         

Waist circumference in women >35 inches

           [ Choose ]             Lower disease risk             Higher disease risk         

Waist circumference in men <40 inches

           [ Choose ]             Lower disease risk             Higher disease risk         

 


Your closest friends may have an influence on your body weight.

True

False

 


Match each term to its deion.

Appetite 

           [ Choose ]             The length of fullness between meals             The psychological desire for food             The physiological need for food         

Hunger 

           [ Choose ]             The length of fullness between meals             The psychological desire for food             The physiological need for food         

Satiety 

           [ Choose ]             The length of fullness between meals             The psychological desire for food             The physiological need for food         

 


Which of the following is not a problem with fad diets?

Increased BMR

Nutritional inadequacy

Decreased BMR

Poor compliance

 


All of the following are ways to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight except:

Making gradual changes to calorie intake.

Increasing physical activity.

Eating fat-free products.

Making behavioral changes you can maintain.


Match the recommended weight gain during the pregnancy based on the following:

Normal weight prior to pregnancy

           [ Choose ]             no more than 25 pounds             25-35 pounds             minimum of 28 pounds         

Underweight prior to the pregnancy

           [ Choose ]             no more than 25 pounds             25-35 pounds             minimum of 28 pounds         

Overweight prior to the pregnancy

           [ Choose ]             no more than 25 pounds             25-35 pounds             minimum of 28 pounds         

 

Match the calorie needs during pregnancy and breastfeeding:

Calorie needs during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy

           [ Choose ]             330 calories             400 calories             340-450 calories         

Calorie needs during the 1st 6 months of breastfeeding

           [ Choose ]             330 calories             400 calories             340-450 calories         

Calorie needs during the 2nd 6 months of breastfeeding

           [ Choose ]             330 calories             400 calories             340-450 calories         

 


Most pregnant women have to carefully plan meals in order to meet their increased need for protein.

True

False

 


An inadequate intake of which nutrient during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of neural tube defects.

Protein

Iron

Folate

Calcium

 


The RDA for calcium doubles during pregnancy.

True

False

 

Which of the following are possible effects of alcohol during pregnancy? Select all that apply.

Impaired cell division in embryo/fetus

Increased birth weight

Mental retardation

Reduced oxygen and nutrient flow across placenta


Which of the following is not true regarding nutritional needs during breastfeeding?

Increased need for vitamins A, C, E, B12

Focus on omega-3 fats

Increased need for complex carbohydrates

Increased need for iron

 

Infants younger than 2 years old should be fed a low-fat diet.

True

False

 


The soonest solid foods should be introduced to an infant is 4-6 months of age. The first food typically introduced is: 

iron-fortified cereal

pureed apple sauce

iron-fortified spinach

barley cereal

 


Which of the following is true regarding childhood food intake?

Children have fewer tastebuds than adults

Children may need to be exposed to a new food 15 times before accepting it

Children generally do not notice if a parent dislikes a healthy food

Children should be given the same serving sizes as adults

 


It is recommended adolescents consume breakfast that is a minimum of 300 kcals and that includes protein and fat.

True

False


Which of the following are nutrients of concern during adolescence?

Protein, carbohydrates, fats

Selenium, manganese

Iron, calcium, vitamin A

Phosphorus, fluoride

 


What are some concerns that may affect the nutritional status of older adults?

Some of their preion drugs interfere with taste

They may not have the financial means to purchase nutritious food.

They may suffer from depression.

Poor-fitting dentures

All of the above

 

Which of the following is not linked to drug-nutrient interactions older adults?

Excretion of fat-soluble vitamins

Depletion of zinc stores

Loss of appetite

Reduced vitamin B12 absorption

 







About this question:

Pay using PayPal (No PayPal account Required) or your credit card. All your purchases are securely protected by .
SiteLock