(Solution document) J06V : Ethics in Criminal Justice 1.Which of the following is discussed in your textbook as a reason that laws should be critically assessed rather

J06V : Ethics in Criminal Justice

1.Which of the following is discussed in your textbook as a reason that laws should be critically assessed rather than blindly accepted?

a.Laws are fallible.

b.Laws can be immoral.

c.Laws are not inclusive of all moral concerns.

d.All of the above

2.eontological theories of moral decision-making focus on:

a.the expected consequences of our actions.

b.relevant moral duties and obligations.

c.the virtuousness of our actions.

d.bringing benefit to ourselves through our decisions.

3.When used as a criminal defense, involuntary intoxication would be classified as a/an __________ for criminal wrongdoing.



c.mens rea


4.Which of the following suggests that governments can and should pass laws to protect citizens from themselves, looking out for its citizens as a father might for his children?




The principle of implied competence

5.Plato's tale of "Gyges" illustrates the importance of which of the following questions?

Why should we be moral?

Is it possible to be moral?

Is morality relative?

Is behavior determined?

6.Gut feelings" about right and wrong that seem to arise within our consciousness without us being aware of why or how they arose are sometimes referred to as:

a.inner consciousness.


c.moral intuition. aid.

7.Carol Gilligan's work on moral development implies that morality may develop out of two different orientations: a "male" approach focusing on __________, and a "female" approach grounded in __________.

a.self-interest; empathy

b.justice and rights; compassion and interpersonal relationships

c.compassion and care; universal ethical principles

d.self-sacrifice; self-interest

8.Perhaps the most notable detractor from Jeremy Bentham's original formulation of utilitarianism was:

a.Harry Callahan.

b.Carl Klockars.

c.John Stuart Mill.

d.Joshua Greene.

9.Fulfillment of __________ is not sufficient for well-being, happiness, and flourishing, because human beings are also __________.

a.biogenic needs; social animals

b.interdependency needs; cooperative

c.physical needs; biological

d.connectedness needs; virtuous

10.A basic framework for approaching moral issues and situations is as follows:

a.Facts of the issue or situation plus Moral Criteria (e.g., goods, principles, virtues) equal Practical Conclusion (good decisions, actions).

b.Moral Criteria (e.g., goods, principles, virtues) plus Practical Conclusion (good decisions, actions) equal Facts of the issue or situation.

c.Practical Conclusion (good decisions, actions) plus Facts of the issue or situation equal Moral Criteria (e.g., goods, principles, virtues).

d.Moral Criteria (e.g., goods, principles, virtues) minus Facts of the issue or situation equal Practical Conclusion (good decisions, actions)


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