(Solution document) In this Discussion Assignment, you are required to do the following: 1) Answer one of the questions below in an initial post based on your readings...

In this Discussion Assignment, you are required to do the following:

1) Answer one of the questions below in an initial post based on your readings of Chapters 21 and 22 in America:The Essential Learning Edition

2) Respond to a minimum of two of your peers' initial discussion threads.  

NOTE: Please be sure to identify which question you are answering in your Initial Post. You can do so by placing the number and part of the question in the subject line of the discussion thread.


The grades are based on the quality of your post and the following criteria:

Initial Post = up to 50 points.

First Peer Response = up to 25 points

Second Peer Response = up to 25 points.

NOTE: You will have a minimum of three post per discussion assignment (one initial post and a minimum of two peer responses). Of course, you are welcome to comment on more than the minimum number of your peer's post. 



Answer one of the questions below by starting a new thread discussion. Afterwards, you will respond to two of your peers' initial post in their thread discussions.

1. Discuss and analyze the major causes that led to World War I.

2. Despite being victorious on the battlefield, discuss how Woodrow Wilson helped win the war but lost the peace at home.

3. Analyze the impact of mass culture in America during the 1920s. What were the pros and cons?

4. What was the United States' attitude toward foreign affairs during the 1920s? What was the reason for this approach, and was this a logical reaction? Why or why not?

Respond to these two discussion posts.

I selected question three - 'what impact did the social reformers of the late nineteenth century have on American life? This question really appealed to me, as this period of time in American, after the Civil War Reconstruction, really took on a new look and new way of life. This period of time in history was called the Progressive Era. The country was changing with the industrial revolution. Women, once thought of lesser than men, were now working outside of the home to support their families. Even some children worked, too. In addition, cities were growing, so there was a greater need to expand and provide education. There were sub-standard working conditionings, including long hours, little pay, no breaks, and more. The Progressive looked to the government and politicians to deal with these social issues. They wanted to protect the welfare of all Americans and wanted the government to get involved and reform. Some of the main groups involved in the Progressive Movement were labor activist; women groups such as the National American Woman Suffrage Association and the National Association of Colored Women; forwarding think businessmen who wanted their employees to have a voice in economic changes. These groups were trying to bring significant change in our political and social life. Their goals were protecting social welfare, economic reform, economic efficiency, and promoting moral improvement. Social welfare included better working conditions, protecting human life, providing places like the Salvation Army and have recreational centers. The economic reform included changing the uneven balance of wealth between big business and ordinary citizens trying to make a decent living. In addition, minimum wage laws were set, socialist groups formed and journalists began exposing problems in big business, such as child labor. Economic efficiency included finding ways to make business and life efficient, time and motion studies were done, and Henry Ford came out with a better workday with decent pay.

Promoting moral improvement included improving the lives of the poor through prohibition and opening kindergartens for immigrants. This period was a dramatic time of change and caused some upheaval in the way of life once known. However, without these pioneers, we may not be experiencing the life today, as we know it. 

The Great War was a result of years of national rivalries and ethnic conflicts in central Europe. Even though few wanted to go to war, they were in for a war that was going to spiral out of control and became a war no one expected nor wanted. The root cause of the conflict was the tensions between the Austro-Hungary Empire and Serbia. Meanwhile Germany leader, Wilhelm II, was chomping at the bit to assert dominance on the Russian Empire and France, and strengthening their navy to challenge the British Empire. The assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and wife Sophie, by Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip the Austro-Hungarian Empire had no choice but to retaliate. They did so in a humiliating fashion demanding Serbia to give them say in internal affairs. Serbia gave in to all the demands, but Austro-Hungary declared war anyway. In turn, Russia defended Serbia, which started a chain of events that resulted in many countries to get involved due to ties they had with other countries, creating a snowball effect of just mass killing, and according to some, for really no gain. Americans were blindsided by the outbreak of war and did not want to get involved with the conflict. Many referred to the war as a waste of lives, time, and money. As Germany kept ruining trusts with the America and killing innocent Americans. President Wilson gave a lot of effort to stay out of the war, but much ridicule and German betrayal he had no choice but to declare war on Germany and cut all ties America had with the country. With a weak military many efforts where put in place to strengthen the military and have enough resources to win the war. No one could have predicted the horrifying result of the Great War.


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